Iowa Crop and Progress Conditions for May 8th

Cool weather and persistent wet conditions hindered fieldwork in Iowa
during the week ending May 4, 2014, according to the USDA, National
Agricultural Statistics Service. Average temperatures were below
normal for the week, but average precipitation was above normal.
Statewide there were 0.9 days suitable for fieldwork.
Recent precipitation improved soil moisture levels. Topsoil moisture
levels rated 2 percent very short, 12 percent short, 72 percent adequate
and 14 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 10 percent very
short, 32 percent short, 54 percent adequate and 4 percent surplus.
Northwest Iowa remained the driest with over one-third of topsoil
reported as very short or short of moisture.
Planting progress advanced little during the week. Oat seeding was
73 percent complete, 9 percentage points ahead of last year but
16 percentage points behind average. Thirty-eight percent of the oat
acreage had emerged, ahead of last year’s 21 percent, but 23 percentage
points behind the five-year average. Twenty-three percent of the
expected corn acreage was planted, 9 days ahead of last year but 10
days behind normal. Corn started to emerge. There were scattered
reports of soybeans being planted.
Pasture condition rated 7 percent very poor, 17 percent poor, 41 percent
fair, 31 percent good and 4 percent excellent. Livestock have been
moved onto pastures in parts of southern Iowa where pastures have seen
more growth.
Provided by Harry Hillaker, State Climatologist
Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship
A very slow moving storm system brought a prolonged period of rain to
the state over the past reporting week. Rain first moved into Iowa on
Saturday (26th) night and finally exited the state Thursday (1st) morning
with the heaviest rain falling on Sunday (27th). A few brief periods of
very light rain also moved through the state over the first weekend of
May but were mostly inconsequential. Weekly rain totals varied from
0.55 inches near Rock Rapids in Lyon County of far northwest Iowa to
4.42 inches at Bondurant in Polk County of central Iowa. The rain
changed to snow over portions of north central Iowa on Tuesday (29th)
night and Wednesday (30th) morning bringing about two inches of
accumulation to parts of Mitchell, Howard, Floyd and Chickasaw
counties. The statewide average precipitation was 1.64 inches while
normal for the week is 0.98 inches. This was the third consecutive
week with above normal precipitation for Iowa, however the northwest
and southwest corners of the state have continued to lag normal during
this time period. Temperatures during the week were mostly below
normal. Only the southeast corner of Iowa climbed above normal on
Sunday (27th) and Monday (28th) while the far south just barely edged
back above normal on Saturday (3rd). Daytime highs were mostly in
the 40’s across northern Iowa from Monday (28th) through Thursday
(1st). Temperatures for the week as a whole averaged from three
degrees below normal along the Missouri border to eight degrees below
normal near the Minnesota border with a statewide average of
5.7 degrees below normal. Severe thunderstorms were reported from
13 southeast Iowa counties Sunday (27th) afternoon. The strongest of
these storms produced a tornado which touched down northeast of
Ottumwa and continued northeastward nearly fifty miles to west of
Iowa City resulting in two fatalities in Keokuk County.